Under-served populations

The term ‘under-served’ groups was developed by the NIHR (National Institute of Health Research - UK) - Include project to highlight that some groups of people are included in health research less often than one would expect based on their population prevalence or health care needs/burden. As a result, there is much less information on the treatment and service needs of these individuals. There is no single definition of what is 'under-served', rather this is highly context-specific.  

Here, based on consensus between eating disorders clinicians and researchers we have chosen to include the following groups: people from ethnically and culturally diverse communities, men, members of the LGBTQ+ community, people with poverty/food insecurity, older adults, people with eating disorders and diabetes and those with ARFID. We have presented these here as separate groups, but are aware that there is significant overlap or intersectionality between several of these.



Eating disorders in ethnically and culturally diverse communities

Overviews and intersectionality


Further under-served groups

Men with eating disorders

Members of the LGBTQIA+ community with eating disorders


This content has been edited by Professor Ulrike Schmidt (MindEd Lead Editor and Professor SLAM/KCL) and Dr Raphael Kelvin MindEd Consortium Clinical Lead) with close support of:

  • Elizabeth Dodge, MSc, Family Therapist
  • Dr Karina Allen, Consultant Clinical Psychologist - Eating Disorders Outpatients Service | South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust
  • Dr Nikola Kern, SLAM ED Services/KCL
  • Dr Sheryllin McNeil, Consultant Clinical Psychologist, Specialist Eating Disorder Service, Forward Thinking Birmingham
  • Dr Suzanne Heywood Everett, Consultant Clinical Psychologist, Bradford District Care NHS Foundation Trust, Clinical Associate for Eating Disorders for Yorkshire and Humber Clinical Network, NHS England
  • Dr William Rhys Jones, Consultant Psychiatrist - CONNECT: The West Yorkshire, Adult Eating Disorders Service


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